In Portugal, a vineyard area of approximately 239,000 hectares (the world’s seventh largest in the world) is processed, producing an annual production of approximately 6 – 7 million hectoliters. In the last five years, Portugal was able to increase its annual production by 8 per cent, in contrast to the global trend. About 15% of the working population of Portugal lives on wine growing. The annual wine consumption is 42 – 43 liters per capita and is thus lower than for Luxembourgans and French. The first place among the drinking countries with 130 liters of per capita consumption, as reported in some older publications, has long been lost.